I have attached the chapter info – in case it is needed. Please read the info in the instructions and provide an appropriate response to this for a discussion board. Thanks

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Lifespan Theory Perspective:

One relevant study from the lifespan theory perspective is Arnett’s (2000) article titled “Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties.” Arnett’s thesis is that emerging adulthood represents a distinct period of development characterized by identity exploration, instability, and self-focus (Arnett, 2000). During this stage, individuals seek to establish their own identity and purpose.

Arnett’s study is primarily theoretical, drawing on a wide range of research and literature to support his claims about emerging adulthood as a unique developmental stage (Arnett, 2000). He synthesizes existing research to propose the concept of emerging adulthood and suggests that individuals in this stage may experience challenges in identity formation but also have opportunities for growth and self-discovery.

Resiliency Theory Perspective:

From the resiliency theory perspective, Garmezy’s (1991) article titled “Resiliency and Vulnerability to Adverse Developmental Outcomes Associated with Poverty” is relevant. Garmezy’s thesis focuses on understanding how individuals, particularly those facing adversity such as poverty, can exhibit resilience and overcome developmental challenges (Garmezy, 1991).

Garmezy’s study likely employs a qualitative approach to examine the experiences of individuals living in poverty who have shown resilience (Garmezy, 1991). Qualitative interviews and case studies may have been used to gather data. The results of Garmezy’s research identify factors and processes that contribute to resilience in individuals facing adversity, highlighting protective factors that can mitigate the negative impacts of poverty on development (Garmezy, 1991).

Assessment of Relative Strengths and Shortcomings:

In terms of strengths and shortcomings, the lifespan theory approach, as presented by Arnett (2000), offers a comprehensive framework for understanding development across the lifespan. It helps in identifying common developmental challenges faced during emerging adulthood (Arnett, 2000). However, it may not fully capture the diversity of individual experiences during this stage and lacks specific guidance on how to support individuals facing significant adversity (Arnett, 2000).

On the other hand, the resiliency theory approach, exemplified by Garmezy’s work (1991), focuses on individual strengths and coping mechanisms. It provides practical insights for interventions and support for individuals facing adversity, including those in emerging adulthood (Garmezy, 1991). Nevertheless, it may not address broader developmental milestones and identity formation, and it could potentially overlook the influence of societal and structural factors on resilience (Garmezy, 1991).


These two studies, Arnett’s theory of emerging adulthood and Garmezy’s examination of resilience in the face of poverty, offer complementary perspectives on emerging adulthood. Arnett’s work underscores the developmental challenges faced by emerging adults in terms of identity formation and self-discovery (Arnett, 2000). In contrast, Garmezy’s study highlights the capacity for resilience in the face of adversity, shedding light on how individuals in this stage can overcome obstacles (Garmezy, 1991).

Together, these studies suggest that emerging adulthood is a time of both exploration and resilience-building. Cognitive and personality issues in emerging adulthood may be influenced by the interplay between identity development, as emphasized by lifespan theory, and the ability to overcome challenges, as highlighted by resiliency theory (Arnett, 2000; Garmezy, 1991). Understanding these dynamics is crucial for supporting individuals during this transitional period.

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